"I chose the name Alpine for my firm because this adjective represented for me the pleasure of driving on mountain roads. It was by navigating the Alps in my 4CV that I had the most fun. It was this enthralling sense of control that I wanted customers to find at the wheel of the car I wanted to build. Alpine is a name which sounds good, it is also a symbol."
Photo: Departure of the 1960 Tour de France in Montlhéry
In addition there were various victories in rallies and F2 and F3 single seater races.
Very quickly, it gathered together a team of 60 impassioned people.
As a result it was decided to move the Alpine team to a new factory located in the industrial park of Dieppe.
This year Alpine decided to stop the manufacture of prototypes and did not recommence until 1973.
This 2+2 coupe was designed to reach a wider audience than that which, until now, had been interested in the Berlinette.
In competition, Alpine, achieved a place in the history of the Monte Carlo Rally with 3 cars in the first 3 places: Andersson preceeding Thérier and Andruet.
In Formula 3, the four team mates, Depailler, Jabouille, Leclère and Serpaggi drove their Formula 3 and Formula Renault single-seaters to become Champions of France in their respective classes.
Driven on by this success the Alpines won 6 more victories culminating in their first World Rally Championship title.
By the end of the year, vehicle production, which had increased spectacularly since 1960, was abruptly halted by the speed restrictions resulting from the oil crisis
After winning the World Rally Championship, Alpine and Renault, having nothing to prove in rallying, concentrated their efforts towards building prototypes, the goal of which being victory at the Le Mans 24 hours.
This led to the production of theA440 and then the A441 which was driven to victory by Alain Serpaggi, winning him the title of European 2 litre Champion .
The departure of the competition and racing department (which became Renault Sport), released space in the workshops allowing an increase in the size of the Renault 5 Alpine production line
This new engine, fruit of a collaboration between Peugeot, Renault, Volvo, made it possible for the A310 to compete with cars of the same standing.
Her big sister, the A310, took her place and with Guy Fréquelin as driver, won the French Rally Championship.
At the same time, there was a sharp increase in the production of the R5 Alpine.
These transformations brought improvements in quality and time (20%) and the possibility of production of 60 vehicles a day instead of 7.
Renault decided to divide the company Renault Sport into 2 departments: 1 in Antony in charge of the preparation of rally cars and 1 in Viry-Chatillon in charge of the preparation of F1 cars.
1980 saw the birth of Turbo Renault 5. Powered by an engine derived from the R5 Alpine, but fitted with a turbo charger and developing 160bhp, it very quickly took its place at the top of the league of the new generation of hot hatches.
In September the R5 Alpine was replaced by the R5 Alpine Turbo and saw its power increase from 93bhp to 110bhp.
In the United Kingdom the R5 Alpine was badged R5 Gordini due to trademark problems with the Alpine name. .
In addition to the splendid victory of J Ragnotti in the Tour de Corse, nearly 60 victories throughout the world and a world championship for J-l Thérier, were credited to the Renault 5 Turbo this year..
Alpine V6 GT 2+2 Coupe
Engine 2.8 litres, 160bhp - 235 km/h, 0 to 100 km/h in 8s - 1000 standing start in 28s.
The Renault 5 Turbo gained 85 victories and J Ragnotti was crowned French Rally Champion
The replacement for the R5 Alpine Turbo, the Super 5 GT Turbo was the most powerful in its class with 115bhp: Max Speed 200 km/h and 15.8s for the 400 standing start.
Inheriting directly the 10 years of progress achieved in turbo technology on the circuits by Renault drivers and mechanics, Alpine produced the V6 Turbo to complete its range.
Faster and more powerful than the normally aspirated version the vehicle made its first appearance in competition in Spring on the main European Circuits as curtain raiser for the F1 Grand Prix within the framework of the Europa-Cup.
Alpine V6 Turbo Specifications:
Engine 2.4 litres, 200bhp
0 to 100 km/h in 7s
1000m standing start in 26.8s.
In the same year Alpine also developed a GTA V6 Turbo to meet the American standards, in particular regarding the chassis and antipollution.
The GTA V6 Turbo EUROPA CUP opened the F1 Grand Prix for 4 seasons, 1985 to 1988.
To meet the standards of certain European countries, Alpine fitted the GTA V6 Turbo with an antipollution system.
Initially fitted to cars marketed in Switzerland, it was later sold in Germany, Austria, Holland, etc.
Engine 2.4 litres, 200bhp - 0 to 100Km/h in 7s - 1000m standing start in 26,8s.
All the major European Alpine clubs met to celebrate the occasion. April 29th will remain a date symbolizing solidarity and devotion to the Alpine range.
The restyling of the initials symbolized the revival of Alpine and its desire to affirm its identity within the Renault group.
Meeting stringent antipollution standards and powered by a V6 Turbo engine of 2458cc with catalyst, this vehicle, thanks to its light weight and excellent drag coefficient, proved to be a particularly economic and powerful sports car.
Engine V6 Turbo (catalyst) 185bhp
Max speed 240 km/h
0 to 100 km/h in 6.67s
1000m standing start in 27.3s
The performance and the level of standard equipment was also improved:
ABS - Power Steering - Air Conditioning - Pioneer Radio & CD
Engine V6 Turbo 3 litre (3 way catalytic converter) 250bhp, Maximum torque: 357 Nm,
Max Speed: 265 km/h, 0 to 100 km/h in 5,7s, 1000m standing start in 24,9s.
Mechanically similar to the standard A610 the "Magny Cours" featured discreet and elegant interior and exterior enhancements.
These included: Pearlescent green paintwork, green alloy wheels with diamond cut outer rim. chrome plated tailpipes, green "Magny Cours" decals on the doors, green "A610 Turbo" motifs on the rear windows and a special leather interior.
Renault presented the "Renault Sport Spider" at the Geneva Motor Show. An enthusiasts vehicle that conveyed the feeling of a single-seater race car but with 2 seats. The Spider was conceived with passion and commitment from the think-tanks of Renault Sport and Renault Design. Packed with innovative technology, racy and tempting with its low and squat lines and equipped with a sporting and technological cockpit similar to the Laguna concept. This small beast of car was powered by the engine from the Clio Williams and was conceived from the start for road use. All this for a price of around £20,000 and with exemplary safety features. It had been a long time since the car industry had made such a gift to those who dreamed of less conventional transport..
The car received much publicity and many accolades from the motoring press.
350 vehicles destined for conversion to Megane Rally Coupes were delivered to the Dieppe factory on 10th March. 40 were prepared for the first race of French Renault Megane Elf Rally at circuit Paul Ricard only 10 days later!
After the production of more than 70,000 Espaces the last P36 rolled off the production line. Production of the new J66 (phase III) model was again entrusted to Alpine.
As soon as the Clio Renault Sport Trophy series was announced, the Alpine factory was put in charge of manufacture and marketing of 85 examples of this racing car.
Specifications included a centrally mounted rear engine, six speed sequential gearbox, racing brakes and competition cockpit.
Engine V6, 24 valves (280bhp @ 7000rpm)
Maximum Speed: 250km/h
Robots were introduced for painting. The factory was a large building site for much of the year. Following the automation of the application of mastics in April, September saw the introduction of six additional robots for the application of paint and lacquer.
Intended to replace the Mégane Coupé, 450 specimens were produced in Dieppe. The shell was fitted with a roll cage, then painting and assembly followed.
2500 examples were produced.
This new missile from the Renault marque was stripped of soundproofing and carried an autograph of the 'Master', Jean Ragnotti, in the glove compartment.
In addition it was assembled in the Alpine factory of Dieppe affirming its character and specialised nature.
Renault Mégane RS
Manufactured in the Dieppe factory, the Mégane RS inherited the 2 litre 16 valve turbo charged engine from the Vel Satis.
It underwent modifications to the pistons, crankshaft and turbo. The capacity was increased and the output was 225bhp, 300 Nm torque.
Documentation Alpine-Renault February 1998
Documentation Alpine-Renault September 2001
(French edition 60 00 009 265)